Dr Emma Marshall

Research Topic Title: Developing collaboration and innovation in immigration advice provision

The British immigration system is highly complex and difficult for individuals to navigate, and the availability of legal aid for immigration cases has been significantly reduced in the past decade. These factors have serious consequences for people who need to make immigration applications but who are unable to afford a lawyer. My PhD thesis examines the everyday injustices experienced by people pursuing asylum or human rights-based claims in England and the reasons that individuals seek legal advice. During my PhD I worked with partner organisations to look at how to address the problem of very limited access to affordable specialist immigration advice in the South West of England. I was involved in setting up an immigration clinic and an ‘Exceptional Case Funding’ clinic, to support individuals to make applications for legal aid, at the University of Exeter. Through the fellowship I will consolidate the impact of my PhD research through publications to contribute to the development of academic knowledge across the disciplines of human geography and law and to ensure that my findings are available for use in policy advocacy. The fellowship will also allow me to develop the trajectory of my research in relation to debates over the use of technology in the justice system and the use of legal innovation to develop new models of advice provision.

Mentor: Helena Wray


Marshall, E. (2021) ‘Improving access to justice through legal aid: Exploring the possibilities of ‘Exceptional Case Funding’ clinics in university law schools’. International Journal of Clinical Legal Education 28(1) 68-110.

Hynes, J., Tomlinson, J. Marshall, E., Maxwell, J., Wardale, M. and Correale, C. (2021) ‘Holes in the Digital Parachute: An analysis of the introduction of online immigration appeals’. Journal of Immigration, Asylum and Nationality Law 35(1) 28-49.

Tomlinson, J., Hynes, J., Marshall, E. and Maxwell, J. (2021) ‘Judicial Review in the COVID-19 Pandemic’. Public Law 9-19.

Schmid-Scott, A., Marshall, E., Gill, N. and Bagelman, J. (2021) ‘Rural Geographies of Refugee Activism: The expanding spaces of sanctuary in the UK’. Revue Européenne des Migrations Internationale 36(2) 137-160.

Hudak, K. and Marshall, E. (2021) ‘The case for broadening the scope of immigration legal aid’. Available at: https://publiclawproject.org.uk/content/uploads/2021/04/Legal-aid-briefing.pdf.

Marshall, E. (2020) ‘Legal Aid: Should article 8 immigration cases be brought back within scope?’ Available at: https://www.lag.org.uk/article/209341/legal-aid–should-article-8-immigration-cases-be-brought-back-within-scope-.

Hudak, K. and Marshall, E. (2020) ‘Legal advice and support in the South West: how important is remote advice for the provision of future services in the region?’ Available at: ttps://www.lawworks.org.uk/about-us/news/legal-advice-and-support-south-west-how-important-remote-advice-provision-future.

Marshall, E. (2020) ‘Improving Exceptional Case Funding: Responding to Covid-19’. Available at: https://publiclawproject.org.uk/resources/improving-exceptional-case-funding-covid/.

Tomlinson, J. and Marshall, E. (2020) ‘Improving Exceptional Case Funding: Providers’ Perspectives’. Available at: https://publiclawproject.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/Improving-Exceptional-Case-Funding-Website-Publication-Version-docx.docx.pdf.

Marshall, E. (2019) ‘Nobody wants to go back to a place where they were scared’. Available at: https://www.thejusticegap.com/nobody-wants-to-go-back-to-a-place-where-they-were-scared/.

Marshall, E. (2018) ‘Exceptional Case Funding Clinics: A study into the feasibility of extending access to legal aid through clinical legal education programmes’. https://publiclawproject.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/Exceptional-Case-Funding-Clinics.pdf.

Gill, N., Bagelman, J., Schmid-Scott, A. and Marshall, E. (2017) ‘The Radical Rural Handbook: Peripheral Geographies of Migrant Activism’. Available at: https://cityofsanctuary.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/The_Radical_Rural_Booklet_D_V1.pdf.

Marshall, E., Pinkowska, P. and Gill, N. (2017) ‘Virtual presence as a challenge to immobility: Examining the potential of an online anti-detention campaign’ in Turner, J. and Peters, K. (Eds.) Carceral Mobilities: Interrogating Movement in Incarceration. Abingdon: Routledge.


Email: e.g.marshall@exeter.ac.uk

Twitter: @emarshallexeter